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aachaara (achara). Precept, behaviour, rules of good conduct.

aachaara-dharma. Good behaviour.

aachaarya (acharya). Spiritual teacher, preceptor.

aachaaryopaasana. Reverential service.

aadhaara (adhara). Basis.

aadheya (adheya). Being based, contained.

aadhi-kavi (adhi-kavi). First among poets.

aadhithya (adithya). Sun.

aadhithya-varna (adhithya-varna). Complexion like the sun.

aagaami (agami). Action (karma) in which one is now engaged that is bound to affect the future.

aahaara (ahara). Food.

aakaasha (akasa). Sky, space, ether.

aalaya (alaya). House, dwelling.

aanandha (ananda). Supreme bliss, unending joy.

aanandha-svaruupa (ananda-swarupa). Embodiment or form of Supreme bliss.

aaranyakas. Religious or philosophical texts closely connected with the braahmanas, either composed in the forest or studied there.

Aarathi (arathi). Ritual worship in which lights are waved; also called Haarathi.

aartha. The distressed, suffering.

Aaryan (aryan). (a) Literally noble. (b) Follower of vedhik or spiritual path. (c) Ancient dwellers of India who composed the Rigvedha; the chief tribe was that of the Bhaarathas.

aasana (asana). Sitting posture.

aashrama (ashram). (a) Hermitage; residence for saints and spiritual aspirants; ashram. (b) a stage of life for the braahmana: student, householder, hermit, and renunciate.

aashrama-vaasis. Residents of aashrams or hermitages.

aasthika (asthika). Believer, God-revering person.

aasura (asura). Demon.

aasurik (asuric). Demonic.

aasuri-sampatthi. Demonic existence, being.

Aathma (Atma). The real Self, one's divinity, God, the substance of everything, the unseen basis, the spark of God within. The Aathma is unchanging and immortal; It does not die.

Aathma-aanandha (Atma-ananda). Aathmik bliss, bliss of Self-realization.

Aathma-dharma (Atma-dharma). Aathmik duty, divine duty.

Aathma-dhroha (Atma-droha). Self-tormenting, treason to the higher Self.

Aathma-jnaana (Atma-jnana). Self-knowledge.

Aathma-jnaani (Atma-jnani). Self-knower.

Aathma-linga (Atma-linga). Oval stone that symbolizes the infinite Aathma.

Aathma-raama (Atma-rama). Eternal bliss.

Aathma-samyama (Atma-samyama). Perfect restraint of all senses; balance and repose.

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Aathma-shaanthi (Atma-santhi). Individual peace.

Aathma-sthithi. The characteristic of the Aathma; stage of permanent awareness of one's divinity.

Aathma-svaruupa (Atma-swarupa). Embodiment of the all-pervading divine Self.

Aathma-thatthva (Atma-thathwa). True nature of the Aathma, the Aathmik Principle.

Aathma-vidhya (Atma-vidya). Knowledge of supreme reality or Aathma.

Aathma-yajna (Atma-yajna). Self-sacrifice.

Aathmik (Atmic). Relating to the Aathma.

aathreya (athreya). Classical Indian medical knowledge is called aayurvedha (science of health and long life), the two chief traditions being those of Aathreya and Dhanvanthari. Later presented by Charaka in the Charaka samhitha (text stressing diagnosis and prognosis).

aayurvedha (ayurveda). Classical Indian medical knowledge; science of health and long life.

abhedha (abheda). Integral; non-differentiating.

abhimatha. Dearest and most pleasurable.

abhisheka. Ablution, besprinkling.

abhyaasa (abhyasa). Systematic, steady practice.

a-dhambhithva (a-dambhitwa). Absence of vanity; sincerity.

a-dharma. Evil.

adhi-aathma (adhi-atma). Pertaining to the individual soul, spirit, or manifestation of supreme Brahman.

adhi-aathmika (adhi-atmic). Spiritual.

adhi-bhauthika. Caused by the five (physical) elements or by the material world.

adhi-bhuutha (adhi-butha). Whole perishable creation; spiritual substratum of material objects; everything that has name and form.

adhi-dhaiva. Demigod; supreme deity operating in the material realm; tutelary or presiding deity.

adhi-dhaivika. Caused by fate, i.e. natural disasters.

adhi-yajna. Pertaining to sacrifical or spiritual aspects.

a-dhvaitha (a-dwaitha). Nondualism, the Vedhaanthik doctrine that everything is God.

a-dhvaithopaasana (a-dwaithopasana). Worship of God as present in everything, spiritual effort to experience unity at all times.

adhya. Person receiving an offering, the offeree.

adhyaasa (adhyasa). Superimposition.

agni. Fire element.

aham. I.

Aham Brahmasmi. I am Brahman.

ahamkaara (ahamkara). Ego, self-love, selfish individuality.

ahimsa. Nonviolence.

aikya. Oneness with God, union of the individual soul (jeeva) with God.

a-jnaana (a-jnana). Ignorance, stupidity.

a-jnaani (a-jnani). Ignorant person.

a-karma. Non-action, inactivity.

a-kartha. Undesigned, no human agent.

a-keerthi-karam. Quality that causes disgrace or decline of reputation.

akhandaika-rasa. Unbroken uniflow of sweetness.

a-kshara. Imperishable, indestructible.

a-maanithva. Humility, lack of pride.

a-mritha. Divine nectar (literally, no death or immortal).

a-mritha-puthra. Son of eternal Divinity.

a-mrithathvam (a-mrithathwam). Immortality.

a-mrithopadhesha (a-mrithopadesa). Immortality-bestowing or nectarine teaching.

an-aachaara (an-achara). Improper behaviour.

an-aadhi (an-aadi). Without beginning.

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an-aahatha-dhvani (an-aahatha-divani). Unstruck, primeval sound; Om; mystic sound heard by yogis.

an-aarya-jushtham. Ignoble nature or behaviour.

an-aasakthi. Non-attachment, absence of yearning.

an-Aathma (an-Atma). Not Aathma, or not-Self.

anantha. Unending, infinite. Name of Vishnu.

an-anya-chinthaa. Undivided contemplation (of the Lord).

an-eka-bhakthi. Devotion to various things or states.

anga. Limb, part.

a-nithya. Impermanent, transient.

anna. Food.

anna-puurna (anna-purna). Bestower of food; goddess; a form of Dhurga (goddess of destruction of evil obstacles).

anor-aneeyaan. Subtler than the subtle.

anritha. Not true, false.

anritha-puthra. Son of falsehood; child of futility.

anthah-karana. Inner psycho-somatic fourfold instruments of mind, intellect, memory, and ego.

antharyaamin (antharyamin). Inner ruler or Being that guides all creatures.

anubhava-jnaana(anubhava-jnana). Self-experience; knowledge from personal experience.

anurakthi. Deep attachment to or affection for God.

anushaasitha (anusaasitha). Independent master, one who directs.

a-nyaaya (a-nyaya). Injustice.

a-paraa (a-para). Lower, ordinary.

a-paraa-prakrith (a-para-prakthi)i. Lower nature, world.

a-parigraha. Non-acceptance of gifts, renunciation.

a-paroksha-jnaana (a-paroksha-jnana). Direct spiritual knowledge.

a-pourusheya (a-pourushya). Non-personal, superhuman.

a-puurna (purna). Not full.

Archaka. Worshiper.

archiraadhi-maarga (archiradi-marga). Path of Gods, beginning with fire or the Sun's rays, taken by spiritual souls after death.

arishadvarg. Six inner enemies of man, viz. lust, anger, greed, delusion, pride, and hate.

arjuna. Pure, unsullied, unblemished, white.

artha. Wealth, material object, thing, aim, purpose, desire.

artha-arthi. One longing for wealth.

a-sahaja. Assumed, unnatural.

a-sakthi. Absence of desire, detachment.

a-sanga. Non-attachment.

a-sath. False, unreal, non-existent, bad.

a-shaanthi (a-santhi). Lack of peace; agitated mind; restlesness.

ashtaanga-yoga (ashtanga-yoga). Eight-fold discipline of yoga to destroy ignorance and reach the state of communion with Self, as taught by Sage Pathaanjali.

ashvattha (aswatta). Banyan tree, impermanent.

a-stheya. Non-stealing.

asthi. Being, existence; is-ness; synonym for sath.

asthika. Theist, believer in God.

asthra (astra). Missile, weapon, sword, bow.

a-svargyam (a-swargyam). Quality that destroys the divine in man.

attha. Offering, boiled rice.

Avathaar (Avatar, Avathar). An incarnation of God, taking a form according to the age in which the incarnation occurs. Special manifestation of God on Earth.

Avathaarana Avatharana). Descent of the Godhead on the earth; the process of descent or incarnation.

a-vibhaktha. Undivided, non-separate.

a-vidhya (a-vidya). Ignorance.

a-vyaktha. Unmanifest, imperceptible.

a-vyaya. Indestructible, unchanging.